Types of Construction
Composition is a common term that describes art and science to build objects, systems, or organizations and comes from the Latin constructio (from assembling- “together” and disability “stacking)) and Old French construction.
As a sector, construction accounts for more than 10% of global GDP (6-9% in developed countries) and employs about 7% of the global workforce – more than 273m. The export of the global construction industry was estimated at $ 10.8 trillion in 2017.
For many people in the construction industry, the “type” of a construction project refers to a real building under construction. This is simply:
- Construction of buildings
- Industrial construction
- Difficult community building
It includes both residential (single and multi-family) houses and commercial (office and warehouse buildings).
Refers to power stations (oil and gas, solar fields), industries, distilleries, and other large production facilities.
It is also known as community building, including public works projects such as roads, bridges, airports and sanitation systems.
However, there is no great advantage to classifying projects this way, because it does not tell you anything about the actual construction. Yes, they require different levels of knowledge and construction equipment, and can tell you about the work of this facility, but there are many useful ways to classify projects that help everyone involved in the project understand the needs, rules, and risks involved.
The construction project may be public or private – but the others are divided into 4 types:
- Private residential projects
- Private trading projects
- State building projects
- Government building projects
These categories determine who owns the property where the construction work took place.
Independent construction projects are projects of all kinds managed, managed or commissioned by an independent group. Private groups include individuals, homeowners, companies, other business organizations, non-profit organizations, private schools, hospitals, publicly traded companies, etc. Anything, in other words, that is not the government.
Independent construction projects come in all shapes and sizes, and this is where it can help to look at the character of the work done to divide the private construction into different sections. The following sections will include:
Whenever construction work is done on a single family home or living space with less than 3 or four (usually) spaces. If you work in an apartment this may be considered a commercial project instead of a residential project.
Similarly, if you work in a condom residential area, the job will be residential if you are within one unit, but working in all complexities or common objects can be considered commercial.
Mechanics lien rules often provide additional protection for individual homeowners. States sometimes need additional notices (or require a specific language in them) for a contractor to incur debt against his property. In Texas, for example,
- Commercial Building
Commercial construction The construction of any similar buildings or structures for commercial purposes. Commercial construction includes many types of projects including building restaurants, grocery stores, building buildings, shopping centers, sports facilities, hospitals, private schools and universities, etc.
Industrial construction is a small part of the construction industry. These projects include power stations, production plants, solar wind farms, refineries, etc. While it is called “industrial construction,” it alternates with “commercial construction,” because, when it comes to payments, they operate in the same category.
- Government Building Projects
Some people are confused by the word “state” when referring to state building projects because the word “state” can refer to projects submitted by a city, town, municipality, government board, public school board or other government-sponsored organization. The term “state building” means, therefore, any government-sponsored construction that is not “state” – which is discussed in the next section.
State building projects can take a variety of forms.
They can be good traditional projects like the construction of a public school or a government building (like a courtroom). These projects can also be complex, such as bridge construction, sewer line, highways, etc.
- Government Building Projects
Federal construction projects are very similar to state projects. As state projects can take a variety of forms: very simple and traditional, and very complex. And the building materials may be exactly the same as those built by a government official: courts, government buildings, flood control projects, etc.
The difference between state and state projects simply depends on who owns or manages the sub-project site. The difference is not which business sponsors the project, because government funds are on state (and independent) projects. The difference is who owns and owns the project.
When work is done in a state court using state-funded funds, it is a state function. When the work is done in the organizational court, however, it is the work of unity. The medium-sized centralized work is usually a state project because the provinces control the highways. The work done by the US Army Corps of Engineers, however, even on state land such as levees, is always a government function because it is jointly controlled.
Building Projects with Building Occupancy
Construction projects are often categorized by their location, which means their use and the number of people allowed to enter the facility.
While local authorities set their own codes of construction, they often choose to accept a standard set of accepted codes. There are 10 broad categories of buildings:
- Meeting (Group A): Institutions where people gather in large groups. Includes churches, restaurants, stadiums, stadiums, etc.
- Business (Group B): Services in which commercial services are provided (not commercial products). Including government buildings, universities, hairdressers, doctors’ offices, banks, etc.
- Education (Group E): Youth education institutions. Includes elementary schools, high schools, childcare centers, etc.
- Factory (Group F): Equipment for the manufacture, assembly, manufacture or repair of goods. Includes cabinet makers, furniture stores, paper mills, automatic machines, etc.
- High Risk (Group H): Equipment for the production or storage of flammable or toxic substances, such as explosives, explosives, flammable liquids, etc.
- Center (Group I): Facilities where passengers need physical assistance or are detained. Includes nursing homes, hospitals, prisons, etc.
- Mercantile (Group M): Properties for display or sale of goods. Includes grocery stores, supermarkets, drug stores, gas stations, etc.
- Accommodation (Group R): Accommodation for the night. Includes houses, apartments, hotels, motels, etc.
- Storage (Group S): Areas where non-hazardous materials are stored. Includes depots, parking garages, etc.
- Consumables and Mixed (Group U): Resources for other uses are not included in other categories. Includes water towers, airports, warehouses, nursery, sheds, etc.
Fire Resistance Construction Projects
Type I Construction: Fire Resistive
This section applies to any building over 75 feet in height. This applies to all luxury homes and commercial real estate. That includes apartments, offices and hotels. These structures are designed to withstand high temperatures for a long time without falling. Otherwise, all building materials cannot burn. The walls, floor, and roof are made of reinforced concrete and protected steel. Although these factors make these structures extremely durable, they also increase construction costs.
Some type 1 buildings have HVAC systems and pressure stairs to prevent fires from spreading. These materials make it easier for firefighters to reach and extinguish fires. When they enter building type 1, their main goal is to get the stairs to ensure a safe exit.
Type II Construction: Non-heated
Similar to type 1 buildings, type 2 buildings have heated walls, partitions, columns, floors and roofs. Although these structures contain fire-fighting systems, they are not always protected by fire-resistant clothing and tend to fall. They usually consist of a metal bottom and a metal roof with stone or tilt-slab walls.
New school buildings, shopping malls, and recently renovated commercial buildings fall under this type of construction. If firefighters were called to the 2nd building, their priority would be to ventilate the building to prevent dangerous temperatures.
Third Form Type: Normal
Also known as brick and joist structures, type III structures consist of slab bends or reinforced stone walls. These items cannot burn. That is to say that some of the structural elements (frames, floors, roofs, etc.) are made of wood or flammable materials. This type of construction can work on both old and new buildings. Older buildings will typically contain standard layered roofs, while newer units will usually be built with lightweight roof systems.
Schools, buildings and houses can all fall under this type of construction. One of the benefits associated with this type of construction is that breathing is possible. That means that most type III buildings contain attached attics or empty spaces below, which facilitates fire expansion.
Type IV Construction: Heavy Timber
IV structures are constructed primarily of large pieces of wood, connected using metal plates and bolts. This was a common practice before 1960, making the construction of heavy logs easier to see. Old churches, factories, and warehouses often fall under this category.
This type of structure requires that all wood members meet certain size requirements. The bases of wood construction such as columns, beams, and girders should be at least 8 inches thick. The heavy planks of the roof and floor should be at least 6 inches thick. IV-type buildings have exterior walls that are indestructible and interior.
Although these structures are flammable, they are generally safe to use in the event of a fire. Their sheer size allows them to withstand the fall. However, firefighters will need a large amount of water to extinguish a fire in this type of building. Joint metal connection can also lead to a rapid increase in fire resistance.
Type V Construction: Wood-Frame
V-shaped buildings are the newest type of construction on this list. It is the only building phase that allows exterior walls to burn as well as building members to burn internally. Frames, walls, floors and roof are made entirely or partially with wood. These building materials are cheaper to upgrade and are becoming more common in single-family homes and garages.
These building blocks can cause great frustration for firefighters, as exposed wood does not provide fire resistance. When a fire starts, the building will burn brightly. These structures can withstand some collapse unless they are simple construction. If it does, it will fall within minutes of the fire.
Understanding the differences between the five types of building construction is a necessary step toward a successful career in this field.